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For the Dead of Mauthausen Concentration Camp

With a three-volume commemorative book and the virtual “Room of Names“ the Mauthausen Memorial is setting a monument to all those known by name who died in the Concentration Camp Mauthausen and its sub-camps. Transport lists from the ITS archive served as one of the information sources for this book.

After 10 years of painstaking work, Mauthausen Memorial has now completed one of its largest research projects ever: a commemorative book for the people who were murdered in Concentration Camp Mauthausen and its sub-camps. In the three-volume printed edition the names and life data of the more than 84,270 people are laid out whose identities could be reconstructed through many years of careful research. More than 250 international authors contributed personal, literary, or academic essays to commemorate those murdered in the camps. Various people and institutes were involved in the project: individual survivors, survivors organizations, academic institutions, archives, family members of victims as well as diplomats from the victims‘ home countries. Apart from appearing in book form, the results of the remembrance work are also presented in an interactive web-application. From the Website of the Mauthausen Memorial visitors can enter the “Room of Names“, and search there for information on individuals or read the reconstructed life paths of the victims.

Doing research at the ITS

The research necessary for this project was carried out at many institutions, archives and memorial sites. Documents preserved in the archive of the International Tracing Service (ITS) also proved helpful. Maria Hörtner did research at the ITS in 2012: “I looked through the list material of the Concentration Camp Mauthausen in the ITS digital archive“, the research associate said during her visit to the ITS that year. “Many of the transport lists aren’t available to us in Austria. Here at the ITS I have been able to find the lists I need.“ These are primarily lists about those transports that did not go to the main camp first but which instead went directly to the sub-camp Gusen.

Ongoing additions

In the virtual “Room of Names“ the victims’ biographies will be continually added to, in this way drawing attention to the fact of there always being individual life stories that exist behind the names and numbers.

The ITS is often a helpful address in the work of reconstructing paths of persecution. For one, researchers can search in the extensive document holdings on Nazi bureaucracy – these include lists not only from the Nazi incarceration sites as well as transport lists, but also individual documents about prisoners. The correspondence files the ITS has accumulated over the years of its work in tracing and documentation serve as an important source of information. These files on some three million people contain letters exchanged between the ITS, various authorities, and victims of national socialist persecution and their families.