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Rescued from Lake Toplitz

Holocaust survivor Felix Cytrin was one of the prisoners in the Sachsenhausen Concentration Camp employed by the Nazis in the counterfeiting operation during the Second World War: Operation Bernhard. Jewish prisoners were forced to forge foreign currency in the billions. The operation was designed to weaken the economies of the Allies. Towards the end of the war the counterfeit equipment, documents, and boxes filled with counterfeit money were dropped into Lake Toplitz in Austria and only recovered years later. Amongst the retrieved records, which also document Cytrin‘s fate, was a list of the counterfeiters‘ names. The documents are held at the archive of the ITS.

(1.1.38.1/4086068, ITS Digital Archive, Bad Arolsen)