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Glossary

  • Labor book

    The labor book was issued for all persons who were forced laborers in Nazi Germany. In addition to the personal data, the book includes information on the profession, employers and times of employment.

  • Labor card

    The labor card includes information relating to the slave labor of a prisoner within a concentration camp and in the sub-camps (Außenkommandos). Sometimes, the date of the prisoner's transfer to another labor command is mentioned. Labor cards were also issued for forced laborers detailing their assignments in companies.

  • Labor Reform Camps

    Abbreviation: AEL

    Installed in Nazi Germany during the Second World War, labor education camps were under the sole control of the Gestapo. As part of the Nazis' policy of repression, they were the means to confine German laborers at first and later on foreign and in particular Eastern European civilian laborers for a limited duration. Conceiving detention in an Arbeitserziehungslager (AEL) to be police-specific or police-owned action carried out to educational or corrective ends, the Nazis could intern individuals without a prior court sentence. Internment and labor conditions in the camps were comparable to prisoners' conditions in the concentration camps.

  • Lebensborn e.V.

    The Lebensborn e.V. ("source of life") was an association established in 1935 and run by the SS. Its aim was to increase the birth rate of "Aryan" children from extramarital relations of "racially pure and healthy" parents through anonymous birth and mediation of adoption, particularly families of SS-members. Children meeting the racial ideal of appearance as propagated by the Nazi ideology were also abducted from the German-occupied territories. Veiling their identities, the Nazis placed these children in orphanages or children’s homes and “germanized” them.

  • Letter numbers

    Former mode of registration at the ITS concerning personal requests for which no documents could be found (1958 – 1980).

  • Liaison Mission

    Description will follow

  • List Material

    The ITS calls collections of personal documents sorted by concentration camps List Material. Examples of list material are: Transport lists, prisoners' lists, death lists, execution lists, name registers of freed prisoners.