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  • United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees

    Abbreviation: UNHCR

    The UN High Commissioner for Refugees is a successor organization of the IRO. Its mandate is laid down in the 1951 Geneva Refugee Convention and its 1967 protocol. The UNHCR protects and supports refugees and expellees by, for instance, assisting them with their voluntary return, integration or resettlement.

  • United Nations Relief and Rehabilitation Administration

    Abbreviation: UNRRA

    The United Nations Relief and Rehabilitation Administration (UNRRA) was an international relief organization established in Atlantic City (New Jersey, USA) as early as October 1943 to cope with the foreseeable problems arising from the migration movement caused by war and persecution. Officially confirmed by 44 nations in Washington, D.C. on 29 November 1943, the institution was taken over by the UNO in 1945. Its main mandate consisted of giving support to the military administration in registering, caring for and repatriating Displaced Persons (DPs). The UNRRA continued work up to 30 June 1947.