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  • Zivilarbeiter / Civil Worker

    The Polish residents used as forced laborers during World War II. They generally received lower wages and worse living and working conditions than German workers.

  • Zones of Occupation

    After the war Germany was divided into four zones of occupation controlled by the Allied powers: France, Great Britain, the Soviet Union and the USA. While the establishment of the GDR in 1949 put a formal end to the occupation era in Eastern Germany, it was brought to a close in the Western zones by the conclusion of the Bonn Agreement in 1955.